Gadag District is located in Karnataka, India. The Gadag District formed in 1997,when it split off from the Dharwad District. As of 2011, the Gadag District had a population of 971,952 (of which 35.21% became urban as of 2001). The overall population increased by approximately 13.14% in the 1991-2001 decade. The Gadag District borders the Bagalkot District on the north, the Koppal District on the east, the Bellary District on the southeast, the Haveri District on the southwest, the Dharwad District on the west, and by Belgaum Districton the northwest. The core area of the Gadag District is Kalyani Chalukyas, which holds many monuments (mainly Shiva temples, Jain Basadis), includes Kalyani Chalukyas history, propagated Jainism, and built temples known for architectural beauty. Gadag district is regulated by the seven following taluks: Gadag-Betgeri, Ron, Shirhatti, Nargund, Lakshmeshwar, Gajendragad and Mundargi.